Category Archives: Azure

Some misc powershell commands for working with azure PS modules

This is one of those posts I’m doing mostly for myself to keep things in one place.

Remove an old version of a module:

$Latest = Get-InstalledModule (modulename); Get-InstalledModule (modulename) -AllVersions | ? {$_.Version -ne $Latest.Version} | Uninstall-Module -WhatIf

another way to do the same:

get-installedmodule modname -requiredversion  x.x.x | uninstall-module

(taken from https://windowsserver.uservoice.com/forums/301869-powershell/suggestions/14934876-update-module-needs-flag-to-remove-previous-versio)

Show what modules are installed:

get-installedmodule

Show what versions of a specific module are installed

get-installedmodule -name modname -allversions

 

Update the azureRM module:

update-module azurerm -force

Install over a stubborn module:

install-module azurerm.cognitiveservices -force

 

 

 

Using a Mac in a Microsoft world: SQLPro from Hankinsoft

While most of this blog covers my professional experience with SharePoint running on the windows platform, I’ve also spent a bunch of time as a Mac user.

In the past, I’ve almost always remoted into windows machines to get work done – SharePoint, Powershell, SQL Management Studio, etc.. all required this approach.

This was pretty much the only option when things were on premise but now that the cloud is such a focus, there was one tool I was particularly interested in:

A tool for interacting with Microsoft SQL Server in Azure from my mac.

I tried a handful of options including some open source cross platform tools, some paid cross platform tools and a mac only gem called SQLPRO for MSSQL.

The free options were kinda 1990’s java ugly. One wouldn’t even connect, and one connected but I ran into problems enumerating fields.

Of the paid options, the best bang for the buck for me was Hankinsoft’s SQLPro for MSSQL.

sqlpromssql

This tool is a native mac application (not a java port) and it shows: the app is fast, responsive, and looks like a mac app, supporting newer features such as the mac’s special full screen mode.

I had no trouble connecting to PaaS SQL in Azure, and was able to do all the things I’d normally want to do. The tool has code completion,  the ability to drag and drop field and table names from the navigation pane on the left to the editor, some nice features like the ability to auto indent sql code, and the ability to run multiple queries (separated by semicolons;) and display the results from each one in the results window, just like MS SQL Management Studio does!

SQLPro is a pretty stable product, and that’s no surprise, as the developer has been making database tools for quite some time now. (There are versions for MySQL, SQLite, and Postgres, as well as a ‘studio’ version that supports multiple types of databases)

SQLPro was $79.99 as of this writing – This is a one time, buy it, it’s yours price, and it’s very competitive vs other tools that also offer the ability to connect to and work with Microsoft SQL server.

So far I’m really enjoying being able to run queries against SQL in Azure natively on a mac – This is a great tool and highly recommended!

SQLPro for MSSQL for Mac
by Hankinsoft Development

Replace an expiring Client Secret in an app for SPO

What are we even calling these things these days? Apps for SharePoint Online? Apps for Office 365?

This article is about the apps we build using the new app model that was introduced along with SharePoint 2013. It’s the main way of developing functionality for SharePoint Online.

The apps are hosted in Azure (or on the hosting provider of your choosing)

When these Apps are created/installed a Client secret is used to ensure that communication between your externally hosted app and SharePoint Online is secure and not coming from an attacker.

Unfortunately these certificates expire.

Ours have.

The article below talks about replacing them.

https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/office/dn726681(v=office.15).aspx

We also opened a ticket with Microsoft Premier Support which revealed a few more tidbits.

  • It takes like 24 hours for the new certificate to propogate through your system, leaving your app out of commission for at least that long if you don’t renew before it expires.
  • The article above mentions, but does not give an example of, extending the date from the default 1 year to 3 years. I’ve copied some of the correspondence with Mustaq Patel from Microsoft, who helped us through the process (Thanks Mustaq!)

Note for the scripts below, you’ll need your clientID this is in the web.config of your website that’s hosted in Azure.  As luck would have it, the person at our company who would have had this info was on vacation. Since it’s in the web.config of the running app, it made sense to just pull the actual web.config in use. I did this via FTP, using the steps in this article to configure an FTP account to gain access to the server:

https://azure.microsoft.com/en-us/documentation/articles/web-sites-configure/

Update: You can also find the clientID by going to any sharepoint site that uses the app, Site Settings->Site App Permissions.

It’ll be the guid between the last pipe symbol and the @ symbol

Example i:oi.t|blahblahblah|abcdef-1234-this-is-aguid-and-is-what-you-want@7a534-no-the-guid-you-want-123

(thanks to Mustaq for pointing this out!)

  1. Connect to MSOnline using tenant admin user with below powershell in SharePoint 2013 powershell
  2. Get ServicePrincipals and keys. Printing $keys will give 3 records, replace each KeyId in key1, key2 and key3. You can also see EndDate of each key. Confirm if your expired key shows there. Also note that clientId needs to match as per your clientId.

  3. Generate new ClientSecret for this clientID. Please note it uses clientId set in #2. Also ClientSecret is valid for 3 years.

  4. Copy the output of $newClientSecret.

  5. Replace the Web.config with this ClientId and ClientSecret. Please note we don’t need SecondaryClientSecret appsettings.

  6. Wait for 24 hours to propagate ClientSecret to SPO

Automating SharePoint Deployments in Windows Azure using PowerShell

There’s a nice article on MSDN titled “Automating SharePoint Deployments in Windows Azure using PowerShell

The article talks about building up a sharepoint environment in Azure. The main difference between this and setting up an office 365 instance that I wrote about in my last post, is that in Azure, you’re in complete control over all the VM’s that make up your environment. If you have MSDN you get a monthly spending allowance on Azure, so you should be able to play around with this stuff without incurring any costs (So long as you don’t leave everything running 24×7) – Seems perfect for test environments. At the bottom of the article are links to a few articles that discuss using PowerShell with Azure.